NIST Fire Fighter Staffing and Deployment Study

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New Residential Fire Study Shows Effects of Crew Size on Fire Fighting Operations [1]

A landmark study released by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) shows that the size of fire fighting crews has a substantial effect on the fire service's ability to protect lives and property in residential fires.


Conducted by a broad coalition in the scientific, fire fighting and public safety communities, the study results found that four-person fire fighting crews were able to complete 22 essential fire fighting and rescue tasks in a typical residential structure 30 percent faster than two-person crews and 25 percent faster than three-person crews.


The report is the first to quantify the effects of crew sizes and arrival times on the fire service's lifesaving and fire fighting operations. This and other scientific data in the report will help educate public officials, fire chiefs and other decision-makers on the importance of adequate staffing and deployment with respect to fire fighter and public safety.


The study is funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Assistance to Firefighters grant program.


Read the full news release from the NIST...

[1] Taken from on September 1, 2010



NIST Crew Size Study
Fire Fighter Magazine Article

Impacts of Crew Size and Arrival Times

Interview with Dr. Moore-Merrel, Asst. to IAFF GP

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